• ISSN: 2010-3646 (Online)
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Social. Scienc. Humanit.
    • Frequency: Bimonthly 
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJSSH
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Paul Sudnik
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Yoyo Y. Zhou
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Crossref, Electronic Journals Library
    • E-mail: ijssh@ejournal.net
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Home> Archive> 2023> Volume 13 Number 1 ( Feb. 2023)
IJSSH 2023 Vol.13(1): 13-20 ISSN: 2010-3646
doi: 10.18178/ijssh.2023.V13.1112

A Theory about the First Amphibious Battle between Canaan and Egypt at Abydos in the Prehistoric Period (about 3500 BC)

Doaa ElShereef

Abstract—Early Egyptian records proved the critical role played by Canaan in antiquity. There were early relationships between Egypt and Canaan, and the maritime trade in Canaan was already present in the Chalcolithic age (4500 – 3500 BC). The interaction between Egypt and Canaan took many forms; the Egyptian foreign policy with the Canaanites may have begun at first as a targeted commercial and then sometimes as military interest. Evidence to prove the amphibious battle between Egyptians and Canaanites: 1) Gebel El-Arak Knife preserved in the Louvre Museum. This knife was found in Abydos and dates back to 3450 BC during the Naqada II period. 2) The Gebelein mummies. At Gebelein's tomb, there were six naturally mummified bodies, dating to approximately 3400 BC, they are considered the first complete pre-dynastic bodies to be discovered. 3) Buried pottery along with the Gebelein mummies from the same Naqada II period (3500 - 3200 BC) which are similar to Canaanite pottery. 4) Drawings on Painted Linen from Gebelein tomb from Naqada II (circa 3600 BC). 5) "Abydos boats", a group of 14 solar boats discovered in Abydos, in the "Shonat al-Zabib" area, dates back to the beginning or before the dynastic era.

Index Terms—Abydos, amphibious, Canaan, Egypt, Gebel el-Arak Knife, Gebelein, Naqada.


Doaa El-Shereef is with the National Coalition of Independent Scholars (NCIS), Battleboro, VT 05301 USA and Part Time – Media Expert and Editorial Director at the League of Arab States, USA

*Correspondence: doaa.elshereef@ncis.org

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Cite: Doaa ElShereef, "A Theory about the First Amphibious Battle between Canaan and Egypt at Abydos in the Prehistoric Period (about 3500 BC)," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 13-20, 2023.


Copyright © 2023 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).






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