• ISSN: 2010-3646 (Online)
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Social. Scienc. Humanit.
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJSSH
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Paul Sudnik
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Yoyo Y. Zhou
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Crossref, Electronic Journals Library
    • E-mail: ijssh@ejournal.net
Home> Archive> 2023> Volume 13 Number 1 ( Feb. 2023)
IJSSH 2023 Vol.13(1): 26-29
doi: 10.18178/ijssh.2023.V13.1114

Assessing the Therapeutic Environment of Residential Aged Care Facilities for People with Dementia in Taiwan

Ping-Wen Lee* and Chih-Hong Haung

Abstract—To assess therapeutic environments in residential aged care facilities (RACFs) by applying validated Environmental Audit Tool (EAT) to 19 facilities in Taiwan where some (N=6) were purpose-built for people with dementia while others (N=13) were non-purpose-built and by comparing the mean and standard deviation (SD) of EAT scores across a variety (N=56) of RACFs in Australia with 24 purpose-built facilities and 32 non-purpose-built ones. The EAT assesses environmental quality for dementia in facilities by 72 questions in 10 subscales (safety, size, visual access, unwanted stimuli, helpful stimuli, planned wandering, familiarity, privacy, community links, and domestic activities). The results show the descriptive data of EAT scores listed mean percentage scores for each subscale and for the overall score, with higher scores indicating better quality, across all facilities both in Taiwan and in Australia. This evidence-based assessment tool contributes substantially to evidence-based solutions to improving the quality of dementia in residential aged care facilities in different countries with different cultures using different languages.

Index Terms—Dementia, therapeutic environment, evaluation, residential aged care facility.


Ping-Wen Lee and Chih-Hong Haung are with National Taipei University of Technology. Taipei, Taiwan.

*Correspondence: sleeptaiwan@gmail.com

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Cite: Ping-Wen Lee* and Chih-Hong Haung, "Assessing the Therapeutic Environment of Residential
Aged Care Facilities for People with Dementia in Taiwan," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 26-29, 2023.


Copyright © 2023 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).







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