• ISSN: 2010-3646 (Online)
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Social. Scienc. Humanit.
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJSSH
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Paul Sudnik
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Yoyo Y. Zhou
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Crossref, Electronic Journals Library
    • E-mail: ijssh@ejournal.net
Home> Archive> 2023> Volume 13 Number 1 ( Feb. 2023)
IJSSH 2023 Vol.13(1): 34-39
doi: 10.18178/ijssh.2023.V13.1116

Correlates of Attenuated Positive Psychotic Symptoms in a Non-Clinical Sample: Perceived Discrimination, Stress, and Substance Use

Camille Lewis*, Huijun Li, Ashley Zollicoffer, Neico Slater-Sa-Ra, and Gwendolyn Singleton

Abstract—Early detection and prospective evaluation of individuals who may be at risk of developing psychosis are critical for efforts to isolate mechanisms underlying illness onset and for the testing of preventive interventions. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between perceived discrimination, stress, and substance use as psychosocial correlates for attenuated positive psychotic symptoms among a non-clinical sample of African American young adults. This study, using secondary data, consisted of 160 undergraduate participants from a Historically Black College and University (73.1% female, 26.3% male) ranging in age from 18 to 25 years. There were significant relationships between the scores on the discrimination, perceived stress, and substance use scales, and the total scores of a risk for psychosis measure. Discrimination and substance use scores were also significantly related to distress scores of the risk for psychosis measure. Gender differences in most frequently reported positive attenuated symptoms were reported.

Index Terms—psychosocial correlates, risk for psychosis, stress, substance use, African American.


Camille Lewis, Neico Slater-Sa-Ra, and Gwendolyn Singleton are with
Florida State University, United States.

Huijun Li is with Florida A&M University, United States.

Ashley Zollicoffer is with University of Georgia, United States.

*Correspondence: calewis459@gmail.com

[PDF]

Cite: Camille Lewis*, Huijun Li, Ashley Zollicoffer, Neico Slater-Sa-Ra, and Gwendolyn Singleton, "Correlates of Attenuated Positive Psychotic Symptoms in a
Non-Clinical Sample: Perceived Discrimination, Stress, and
Substance Use ," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 34-39, 2023.


Copyright © 2023 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).





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