• ISSN: 2010-3646 (Online)
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Social. Scienc. Humanit.
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJSSH
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Paul Sudnik
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Yoyo Y. Zhou
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Crossref, Electronic Journals Library
    • E-mail: ijssh@ejournal.net
Home> Archive> 2021> Volume 11 Number 1 ( Feb. 2021)
IJSSH 2021 Vol.11(1): 1-4 ISSN: 2010-3646
doi: 10.18178/ijssh.2021.V11.1027

Comparing the Expanded Effect of Higher Education Systems on Their GPI in China and India

Tien-Li Chen

Abstract—China and India are with the most populous and second populous countries in the world. This study selected China and India as research targets to compare their trends of gender parity in expanding higher education. The data on the gross enrollment ratio of male and female in both countries were collected from the World Bank from 1973 to 2018. The study applies the Gender Parity Index (GPI), which according to Trow’s definition, interpret the trends of gender parity in three stage within expanding higher education system. Furthermore, the study uses ARIMA model to predict the trends of GPI in higher education systems in both China and India toward 2030. This study suggests the trends of gender equality have made significant progress in expanding higher education systems. As our prediction, the higher education system is going to be more favorable to female in the future.

Index Terms—ARIMA, gender parity Index, higher education, higher education expansion.

Tien-Li Chen is with Technology Management of Tamkang University, No. 151, Yingzhuan Road, Tamsui District, New Taipei City 25137, Taiwan (e-mail: tienlin@ymail.com).


Cite: Tien-Li Chen, "Comparing the Expanded Effect of Higher Education Systems on Their GPI in China and India," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 1-4, 2021.


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